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Bwindi Impenetrable National
Safari, Tours and Attractions
Bwindi National Park covers 331sq km of thick forest over a series of hills ranging in height between 1000-2000 metres. The park receives an average of 2000 millimeters of rain annually. The wettest months are March – April and September - November. The dry seasons are December – January and June – August.
Daily temperatures range from 7-20 degrees centigrade. The size of the forest has proved important in stabilizing the local climate. The coldest periods are between June and July.
The forest has one of the richest ecosystems in the world, providing a habitat for over 320 species of trees. Ten species of this magnificent forest trees are not found any where else in Uganda. The most commonly found trees in Bwindi are the Grey Plum (Parinari excelsa) and the Giant Yellow Mulberry (myrianthus holstii). The Giant Yellow Mulberry is a small but distinctive tree which usually grows close to streams. These two tree species provide food for the primates in the forest. Present in the forest are about 100 species of ferns, some of which grow to a height of about 10metres.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is not known to host exotic tree species. Cypress and Eucalyptus species are the only exotic trees which have been planted. Cypress was planted to mark the boundary of the forest border. When Bwindi was a forest reserve, about one hectare of Eucalyptus regnans was planted. Acacia mearnsii have been sighted on the road sides having grown independently. Bwindi National Park has an extensive cover of Bamboo. This bamboo forest covers an area of about six square kilometers and is a rare and beautiful habitat found no where else in the park.
The park’s altitude ranges from 1160metres to 2607metres. The landscape is characterized by deep valleys between ridges and steep sided hills. The forest is the source of five major rivers which contribute 80% of the water in Lake Edward. Bwindi Impenetrable forest covers 65% of Uganda’s water catchments area.
Bwindi also provides a habitat for 120 species of mammals. It accounts for about 340 species of birds and 202 species of butterflies. There are 27 species of frogs, chameleons and many other species which are endangered.
The highlight of this sanctuary is the existence of about 340 Mountain gorillas. This accounts for half of the world’s population of this amazing Primate. It should be noted these gorillas are highly endangered. As of April 2007, the total population of Gorillas in the world stands at 720. There are four habituated Mountain gorilla groups in Bwindi, namely, Habinyanja, Rushegura, Mubare and Nkuringo. Each of these habituated groups hosts a maximum of eight visitors daily.
There are nine other primate species found in Bwindi which include black and white Colobus monkey, red Colobus and blue monkeys among others.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT BWINDI
- Wildlife Attractions in Bwindi
- Birdwatching Safari
- Gorilla Tracking Bwindi
- Safari Lodges and Accommodation
- Bwindi history and tour information
- Nature Walk and Trails